Yet, a brief glance at an ancient religion — still being practised today — suggests that what many take for granted as wholesome Western ideals, beliefs and culture may in fact have Iranian roots. It is generally believed by scholars that the ancient Iranian prophet Zarathustra known in Persian as Zartosht and Greek as Zoroaster lived sometime between and BC. Prior to Zarathustra, the ancient Persians worshipped the deities of the old Irano-Aryan religion, a counterpart to the Indo-Aryan religion that would come to be known as Hinduism. Zarathustra, however, condemned this practice, and preached that God alone — Ahura Mazda, the Lord of Wisdom — should be worshipped.
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The Golden Rule is the principle of treating others as one wants to be treated. It is a maxim that is found in most religions and cultures. The idea dates at least to the early Confucian times — BCE , according to Rushworth Kidder , who identifies the concept appearing prominently in Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Judaism, Taoism, Zoroastrianism, and "the rest of the world's major religions". Epstein , it is "a concept that essentially no religion misses entirely", but belief in God is not necessary to endorse it. The term "Golden Rule", or "Golden law", began to be used widely in the early 17th century in Britain by Anglican theologians and preachers;  the earliest known usage is that of Anglicans Charles Gibbon and Thomas Jackson in Possibly the earliest affirmation of the maxim of reciprocity, reflecting the ancient Egyptian goddess Ma'at , appears in the story of " The Eloquent Peasant ", which dates to the Middle Kingdom c.
Essay about zoroastrianism
Zarathustra, also known as Zoroaster, was an ancient religious leader and philosopher born sometime between about BCE and BCE, who is credited with founding Zoroastrianism. He served as an inspiration to millennia of philosophers, including those of classic Greek, Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, to as recently as Friedrich Nietzsche — He was perhaps the earliest of the ancient philosophers who recognized that the world is divided into good and evil. According to tradition, he and his wife, Dugdowa or Dugdav , wished to have children. To do so, they obtained milk from virgin cows, mixed it with twigs from a haoma plant and drank it.
Neopaganism covers a wide range of belief systems which have emerged in the past 50 years, primarily in the UK, Europe, and the United States. This includes the better known Wicca, which is a synthesis of traditions from the British Isles, as well as many less visible groups which draw inspiration from other parts of the world. Based on folk-lore, traditional spiritual practices, anthropology, and a synthesis of esoteric systems, Neopaganism does not have any sacred texts of the same vintage as other religions, although unverifiable claims have been made in a couple of cases e. Aradia , and The Gardnerian Book of Shadows. Rather, the books presented here are source texts of Neopaganism, and other books which deal with related topics.